Oral hygiene

Professional oral hygiene is the term we use to define professional teeth cleaning.
Technically it is called scaling and smoothing or curettage.

How does it work? What are the steps that lead to a truly clean mouth?

  • The ultrasound device is the first tool that helps us in cleaning, it is a handpiece with a tip from which water and sound waves, called ultrasounds, come out.
    With the help of the tip and ultrasound, the plaque and tartar are made to “vibrate” which come off with a light touch and are then mechanically removed like small pebbles. This tool removes the bulk of the tartar above the gum and stubborn stains on the enamel. In your mouth you will feel some cold water being sucked away by the aspirator and a tickle in your gums.
  • Manual removal of calculus or curettage or planing of the root surfaces is the next step. Now the tartar is partially removed and softened by ultrasound, so we proceed with manual instruments to remove plaque and tartar from the gum collars, under the gum, in the interdental areas and from all the surfaces of the teeth. When a patient is sensitive to this treatment we can administer anesthesia and divide the treatment into several sessions.
  • Finally the polishing. Now the tooth surfaces are free from any layering and dirt. It is finished with a rotating toothbrush that polishes the teeth by removing the last irregularities, using specific abrasive pastes that give a shine to the enamel and smile. The final sensation is one of great refreshment and freshness. White and clean teeth and healthy gums are not only an excellent business card in smiling at others, but also a healthy and decontaminated environment from which the whole digestive system benefits, and consequently the whole body!

If you need it, we’ll give you instructions on how to maintain daily oral hygiene and how to use dental floss, the brush or toothpicks. We recommend the use of an electric toothbrush because it is superior to a manual toothbrush for both adults and children.

Frequent questions

Why do my gums bleed?

Your gums bleed because they are inflamed. It might be that even touching them lightly is painful, or you might find blood stains on your pillow when you wake up. All this is caused by insufficient oral hygiene on a daily basis.

When you do not brush your teeth and the surrounding gums, bacterial plaque will stay on the border of your gums. This sticky plaque provides the bacteria with shelter and food. Their metabolism products cause inflammation of the gums and bad breath. The inflamed gums bleed easily and are quite sensitive, for that reason you always need to carefully brush your teeth and the surrounding gums in order to have a healthy and fresh mouth.

STUDIO MOLL advices the electrical tooth brush because it is the most effective way to keep your teeth clean.

I have weak gums, like everybody in my family. How can I strenghten them?

Usually it is the family habit of not brushing correctly every day that causes the weak gums. Tartar and bacterial plaque cause weak, bleeding and sensitive gums. Sometimes it even looks as if your gums are loose and wide around the teeth instead of firmly embracing them.

Tartar which forms itself around the neck of the tooth creeps also under the gums. You could compare it to calcar around a leaking tap. This causes the detachment of the gums .

You should go to the dentist for a professional oral hygiene treatment, because tartar can only be removed with special hand instruments and ultrasound equipment.

In STUDIO MOLL we will also check in this occasion the health of the underlying bone. When there is a chronicle inflammation of the gums and tartar present the bone might disappears. It slowely resorbs and pockets between the gum and the tooth will be created . We need to avoid this progression, for that reason we recommend every 6 months a professional oral hygiene treatment. We would like to note that teenagers and pregnant women, might suffer from a temporary weakness of the gums caused by hormonal changes.

Please note that patients with diabetes, heart disease or other systemic health conditions and patients undergoing chemotherapy need to be monitored carefully as the higher sensitivity for gum diseases augments the risk of permanent boneloss.

 

My gums are receding, why does this happen to me?

Your gums recede for physiological reasons, because of age, because of genetic reasons, or simply because of its position in your mouth.

Sometimes receding gums are caused by an aggressive orthodontic treatment . Gums might also recede because of the wrong brushing method which could traumatize the gums and even remove tooth structure. Also bacterial plaque and tartar cause receding gums.

It is important to understand why your gums are receding, so we can propose a treatment. The uncovered tooth neck might be very sensitive to hot and cold and any contact at all. Sometimes it is also for aesthetic reasons that we propose the covering of the recession with new gums with periodontal plastic surgery.

In some cases a simple application of a composite filling will remove the sensitivity and resolve the problem.

They told me I do not have sufficient gums to have a stable prosthesis in my mouth. Why?

It means actually that not your gums are responsible for the instability of your prosthesis, but the underlying bone which has resorbed overtime, as with age it gets thinner and loses height.

To explain in a simple way they say your gums are insufficient. It is a big problem for those who wear a total prosthesis because the instability creates inflammation of the mucosa, burning sensations and general discomfort while chewing and speaking.

In STUDIO MOLL we carefully inspect your mouth because sometimes a gum proliferation called “flabby ridge” causes instability. With the laser we can easily remove this and your problem is resolved after rebasing your prosthesis.

But if there is actually bone loss and after having studied the panoramical X-ray, we could propose you to place implants which will completely stabilize your prosthesis.